Accipitrimorphae

Accipitriformes

The superorder Accipitrimorphae is represented only by the order Accipitriformes, which contains the following families: 

  • Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, Kites, Harriers, New World Vultures) 
  • Pandionidae (Osprey)
  • Sagittariidae (Secretarybird)
  • Cathartidae (New World Vultures)

Timetree of the family-level relationships within Accipitriformes based on Kuhl et al. (2021), with the distribution of each taxon being indicated by the colour-code used throughout this website (see Distribution code).  

 

The genus-level phylogeny of Accipitriformes is shown in the following timetree: 

Timetree of Accipitriformes based on Mindell et al. (2018), with the distribution of each taxon being indicated by the colour-code used throughout this website (see Distribution code). The intrinsic phylogeny of Cathartidae follows Johnson et al. (2016). The accipitrid subfamily Elaninae is sometimes attributed family status, Elanidae (Starikov & Wink, 2020). 

 


Timetree of the accipitrid subfamilies Accipitrinae and Buteoninae based on Mindell et al. (2018), with the distribution of each taxon being indicated by the colour-code used throughout this website (see Distribution code). 

References

Amaral, F.S.R., F.H. Sheldon, A. Gamauf, E. Haring, M. Riesing, L.F.  Silveira, and A. Wajntal (2008), Patterns and processes of

diversification in a widespread and ecologically diverse avian group, the buteonine hawks (Aves, Accipitridae). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 53, 703-715. DOI: 10.16/j.ympev.2009.07.020. (abstract)

Barrowclough, G.F., J.G. Groth, J.E. Lai, and S.M. Tsang (2014), The phylogenetic relationships of the endemic genera of Australo-

Papuan hawks, J. Raptor Res. 48, 36-43. DOI: 10.3356/JRR-13-33. (abstract)

Breman, F.C., K. Jordaens, G. Sonet, Z.T. Nagy, J. Van Houdt, and M. Louette (2013), DNA barcoding and evolutionary relationships in

Accipiter Brisson, 1760 (Aves, Falconiformes: Accipitridae) with a focus on African and Eurasian representatives, J. Ornithol. 154, 265-287. DOI: 10.1007/s10336-012-0892-5. (abstract)

Johnson, J.A., J.W. Brown, J. Fuchs, and D.P. Mindell (2016), Multi-locus phylogenetic inference among New World vultures (Aves:

Cathartidae), Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 105, 193-199. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2016.08.025. (abstract)

Kuhl, H., C. Frankl-Vilches, A. Bakker, G. Mayr, G. Nikolaus, S.T. Boerno, S. Klages, B. Timmermann, and M. Gahr (2021), An unbiased

molecular approach using 3'UTRs resolves the avian family-level tree of life, Mol. Biol. Evol. 38(1), 108-127. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msaa191. (pdf)

Lerner, H.R.L., M.C. Llaver, and D.P. Mindell (2008), Molecular phylogenetics of the buteonine birds of prey (Accipitridae), Auk 304,

304-315. DOI: 10.1525/auk.2008.06161. (abstract)

Lerner, H., L. Christidis, A. Gamauf, C. Griffiths, E. Haring, C.J. Huddleston, S. Kabra, A. Kocum, M. Krosby, K. Kvalo, D. Mindell, P.

Rasmussen, N. Rov, R. Wadleigh, M. Wink, and J. Ove Gjershaug (2017), Phylogeny and new taxonomy of the Booted Eagles (Accipitriformes: Aquilinae), Zootaxa 4216, 301-320. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4216.4.1. (pdf)

Mindell, D.P., J. Fuchs, and J.A. Johnson (2018), Phylogeny, taxonomy, and geographic diversity of diurnal raptors: Falconiformes,

Accipitriformes, and Cathartiformes, In: Sarasola, J.H. et al., Birds of prey, Chapter 1, 3-32. Springer. (abstract)

Nagy, G., and J. Tökölyi (2014), Phylogeny, historical biogeography and the evolution of migration in accipitrid birds of prey (Aves:

Accipitriformes), Ornis hungarica, 22(1), 15-35. DOI: 10.2478/orhu-2014-0008. (pdf)

Oatley, G., R.E. Simmons, and J. Fuchs (2015), A molecular phylogeny of the harriers (Circus, Accipitridae) indicate the role of long

distance dispersal and migration in diversification, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 85, 150-160. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2015.01.013.
 (abstract)

Starikov, I.J., and M. Wink (2020), Old and cosmopolite: molecular phylogeny of tropical-subtropical kites (Aves: Elaninae) with

taxonomic implications, Diversity, 12, 327. DOI: 10.3390/d12090327.
 (pdf)