Cardinalidae (cardinals and allies)

Phylogenetic placement: Passeri: Passerides: Passerida: Emberizoidea

Distribution: New World

Number of extant genera: 15

Number of extant species: ~60


Areta JI, Benítez Saldívar MJ, Lentino M, Miranda J, Ferreira M, Klicka J, and Pérez-Emán J (2023), Phylogenetic relationships and systematics of the bamboo-specialist Amaurospiza blue seed-eaters, Ibis 165, 844-861. (abstract)

Barker FK, Burns KJ, Klicka J, Lanyon SM, and Lovette IJ (2013), Going to extremes: contrasting rates of diversification in a recent radiation of New World passerine birds, Syst. Biol. 62, 298-320. (free pdf) 

Barker FK, Burns KJ, Klicka J, Lanyon SM, and Lanyon IJ (2015), New insights into New World biogeography: An integrated view from the phylogeny of blackbirds, cardinals, sparrows, tanagers, warblers, and allies, Auk 132, 333-348. (free pdf) 

Bryson RW, Chaves J, Smith BT, Miller MJ, Winker K, Pérez-Emán JL, and Klicka J (2014), Diversification across the New World within the ‘blue‘ cardinalids (Aves: Cardinalidae), J. Biogeogr. 41, 587-599. (free pdf) 

Campillo LC, Burns KJ, Moyle RG, and Manthey JD (2019), Mitochondrial genomes of the bird genus Piranga: rates of sequence evolution, and discordance between mitochondrial and nuclear markers, Mitochondrial DNA B 4, 2566-69. (pdf)

Carling MD, Lovette IJ, and Brumfield RT (2010), Historical divergence and gene flow: coalescent analyses of mitochondrial, autosomal and sex-linked loci in Passerina buntings, Evolution 64, 1762-72. (free pdf) 

Castillo-Chora Vd, Zamudio-Beltrán LE, Pozo C, and Hernández-Baños BE (2021), Phylogeography of Habia fuscicauda (Cardinalidae) indicates population isolation, genetic divergence and demographic changes during the Quaternary climate shifts in the Mesoamerican rainforest, J. Ornithol. 162, 961-976. (abstract)

Klicka J, Burns K, and Spellman GM (2007), Defining a monophyletic Cardinalini: a molecular perspective, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 45, 1014-32. (abstract)

Kuhl H, Frankl-Vilches C, Bakker A, Mayr G, Nikolaus G, Boerno ST, Klages S, Timmermann B, and Gahr M (2021), An unbiased molecular approach using 3'UTRs resolves the avian family-level tree of life, MolBiolEvol. 38, 108-127. (pdf)

Lavinia PD, Escalante P, García NC, Barreira AS, Trujillo-Arias N, Tubaro PL, Naoki K, Miyaki CY, Santos FR, and Lijtmaer DA (2015), Continental-scale analysis reveals deep diversification within the polytypic Red-crowned Ant Tanager (Habia rubica, Cardinalidae), Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 89, 182-193. (abstract)

Manthey JD, Campillo LC, Burns KJ, and Moyle RG (2016), Comparison of target-capture and restriction-site associated DNA sequencing for phylogenomics: a test in cardinalid tanagers (Aves, genus Piranga), Syst. Biol. 65, 640-650. (free pdf)

Moyle RG, Oliveros CH, Andersen MJ, Hosner PA, Benz BW, Manthey JD, Travers SL, Brown RM, and Faircloth BC (2016), Tectonic collision and uplift of Wallacea triggered the global songbird radiation, Nature Comm. 7, e:12709. (free pdf)

Oliveros CH, Field DJ, Ksepka DT, Barker KF, Aleixo A, Andersen MJ, Alström P, Benz BW, Braun EL, Braun MJ, Bravo GA, Brumfield RT, Chesser RT,  Claramunt S, Cracraft J, Cuervo AM, Derryberry EP, Glenn TC, Harvey MG, Hosner PA, Joseph L, Kimball RT, Mack AL, Miskelly CM, Peterson AT, Robbins MB, Sheldon FH, Silveira LF, Smith BT, White ND, Moyle RG, and Faircloth BC (2019), Earth history and the passerine superradiation, PNAS 116, 7915-25. (pdf) 

Pulgarín-R PC, Tilston Smith B, Bryson RW, Spellman GM, and Klicka J (2013), Multilocus phylogeny and biogeography of the New World Pheucticus grosbeaks (Aves: Cardinalidae), Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 69, 1222-27. (abstract) 

Ramírez-Barrera SM, Hernández-Baños BE, Jaramillo-Correa JP, and  Klicka J (2018), Deep divergence of Red-crowned Ant Tanager (Habia rubica: Cardinalidae), a multilocus phylogenetic analysis with emphasis in Mesoamerica, PeerJ 6, e:5496. (free pdf)

Ramírez-Barreira SM, Velasco JA, Orozco-Téllez TM, Velázquez-López AM, and Hernández-Baños BE (2019), What drives genetic and phenotypic divergence in the Red-crowned Ant tanager (Habia rubica, Aves: Cardinalidae), a polytypic species?, Ecol. Evol. 9, 12339-52. (pdf)

Scott B (2022), Phylogenetics of Cardinalidae and the impact of habitat, climate, and ecology on the evolution of color, Master Thesis, San Diego State University, California,168 pp. (free pdf)

Scott BF, Chesser RT, Unitt P, and Burns KJ (2024), Driophlox, a new genus of cardinalid (Aves: Passeriformes: Cardinalidae), Zootaxa 5406, 497-500. (abstract)

Selvatti AP, Gonzaga LP, de Moraes Russo CA (2015), A Paleogene origin for crown passerines and the diversification of the Oscines in the New World, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 88, 1-15. (view pdf)

Stiller J, Feng S, Chowdhury AA, Rivas-González I, Duchêne DA, Fang Q, Deng Y, Kozlov A, Stamatakis A, Claramunt S, Nguyen JMT, Ho SYW, Faircloth BC, Haag J, Houde P, Cracraft J, Balaban M, Mai U, Chen G, Gao R, Zhou C, Xie Y, Huang Z, Cao Z, Yan Z, Ogilvie HA, Nakhleh L, Lindow B, Morel B, Fjeldså J, Hosner PA, da Fonseca RR, Petersen B, Tobias JA, Székely T, Kennedy JD, Reeve AH, Liker A, Stervander M, Antunes A, Tietze DT, Bertelsen M, Lei F, Rahbek C, Graves GR, Schierup MH, Warnow T, Braun EL, Gilbert MTP, Jarvis ED, Mirarab S, and Zhang G (2024), Complexity of avian evolution revealed by family-level genomes, Nature (view pdf)