Fringillidae (true finches)

Phylogenetic placement: Passeri: Passerides: Passerida

Distribution: Africa, Eurasia, New World

Number of extant genera: 46

Number of extant species: ~213


Alvarez S, Salter JF, McCormack JE, and Milá B (2016), Speciation in mountain refuges: phylogeography and demographic history of the pine siskin and black-capped siskin complex, J. Avian Biol. 47, 335-345. (pdf)

Arnaiz-Villena A, Guillén J, Ruiz-del-Valle V, Lowy E, Zamora J, Varela P, Stefani D, and Allende LM (2001), Phylogeography of crossbills, bullfinches, grosbeaks, and rosefinches, Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 58, 1159-66. (abstract) 

Arnaiz-Villena A, Moscoso J, Ruiz-del-Valle V, Gonzalez J, Reguera R, Ferri A, Wink M, and Serrano-Vela JI (2008), Mitochondrial DNA phylogenetic definition of a group of ‘arid-zone’ Carduelini finches, Open Ornithol. J. 1, 1-7. (pdf) 

Arnaiz-Villena A, Ruiz-del-Valle V, Gomez-Prieto P, Reguera R, Parga-Lozano C, and Serrano-Vela I (2009a), Estrildinae finches (Aves, Passeriformes) from Africa, South Asia and Australia: a molecular phylogeographic study, Open Ornithol. J. 2, 29-36. (pdf)

Arnaiz-Villena A, Gómez-Prieto P, and Ruiz-del-Valle V (2009b), Phylogeography of finches and sparrows, In: “Animal Genetics” (Rechi LJ, ed.), Chapter 1. (pdf)

Barker FK, Burns KJ, Klicka J, Lanyon SM, and Lovette IJ (2013), Going to extremes: contrasting rates of diversification in a recent radiation of New World passerine birds, Syst. Biol. 62, 298-320. (free pdf) 

Beckmann EJ, and Witt CC (2015), Phylogeny and biogeography of the New World siskins and goldfinches: Rapid, recent diversification in the Central Andes, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 87, 28-45. (abstract)

Groth J (2000), Molecular evidence for the systematic position of Urocynchramus pylzowi, Auk 117, 787-792. (free pdf)

Imfeld TS, Barker FK, and Brumfield RT (2020), Mitochondrial genomes and thousands of ultraconserved elements resolve the taxonomy and historical biogeography of the Euphonia and Chlorophonia finches (Passeriformes: Fringillidae), Auk 137, e:ukaa016. (free pdf) (correction)

Kuhl H, Frankl-Vilches C, Bakker A, Mayr G, Nikolaus G, Boerno ST, Klages S, Timmermann B, and Gahr M (2021), An unbiased molecular approach using 3'UTRs resolves the avian family-level tree of life, MolBiolEvol. 38, 108-127. (pdf) 

Lerner HRL, Meyer M, James HF, Hofreiter M, and Fleischer RC (2011), Multilocus resolution of phylogeny and timescale in the extant adaptive radiation of Hawaiian honeycreepers, Curr. Biol. 21, 1838-44. (pdf)

Moyle RG, Oliveros CH, Andersen MJ, Hosner PA, Benz BW, Manthey JD, Travers SL, Brown RM, and Faircloth BC (2016), Tectonic collision and uplift of Wallacea triggered the global songbird radiation, Nature Comm. 7, e:12709. (free pdf) 

Nguembock B, Fjeldså J, Couloux A, and Pasquet E (2009), Molecular phylogeny of Carduelinae (Aves, Passeriformes, Fringillidae) proves polyphyletic origin of the genera Serinus and Carduelis and suggests redefined generic limits, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 51, 169-181. (abstract)

Oliveros CH, Field DJ, Ksepka DT, Barker KF, Aleixo A, Andersen MJ, Alström P, Benz BW, Braun EL, Braun MJ, Bravo GA, Brumfield RT, Chesser RT,  Claramunt S, Cracraft J, Cuervo AM, Derryberry EP, Glenn TC, Harvey MG, Hosner PA, Joseph L, Kimball RT, Mack AL, Miskelly CM, Peterson AT, Robbins MB, Sheldon FH, Silveira LF, Smith BT, White ND, Moyle RG, and Faircloth BC (2019), Earth history and the passerine superradiation, PNAS 116, 7915-25. (pdf)

Päckert M, Martens J, Sun YH, and Strutzenberger P (2016), The phylogenetic relationships of Przevalski's Finch Urocynchramus pylzowi, the most ancient Tibetan endemic passerine known to date, Ibis 158, 530-540. (abstract) 

Päckert M, Favre A, Schnitzler J, Martens J, Sun YH, Tietze DT, Hailer F, Michalak I, and Strutzenberger P (2020), “Into and out of” the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and the Himalayas: Centers of origin and diversification across five clades of Eurasian montane and alpine passerine birds, Ecol. Evol. 10, 9283- 9300. (pdf)

Payevsky VA (2015), Taxonomy of true finches (Fringillidae, Passeriformes): A review of problems, Biol. Bull. 42, 713-723. (abstract) 

Ponge JF, Zuccon D, Elias M, Pavoine S, Henry PY, Théry M, and Guilbert É (2017), Ancestrality and evolution of trait syndromes in finches (Fringillidae), Ecol. Evol. 7, 9935-53. (pdf) 

Reding DM, Foster JT, James HF, Pratt HD, and Fleischer RC (2009), Convergent evolution of ‘creepers’ in the Hawaiian honeycreeper radiation, Biol. Lett. 5, 221-222. (pdf) 

Saitoh T, Kawakami K, Red’kin YA, Nishiumi I, Kim CH, and Kryukov AP (2020), Cryptic speciation of the Oriental Greenfinch Chloris sinica on oceanic islands, Zool. Sci. 37, 280-294. (free pdf)

Sangster G, Rodríguez-Godoy F, Roselaar CS, Robb MS, and Luksenburg JA (2015), Integrative taxonomy reveals Europe's rarest songbird species, the Gran Canaria blue chaffinch Fringilla polatzeki, J. Avian Biol. 47, 159-166. (free reading) 

Sangster G, Roselaar CS, Irestedt M, and Ericson PGP (2016), Sillem’s Mountain Finch Leucosticte sillemi is a valid species of rosefinch (Carpodacus, Fringillidae), Ibis 158, 284-189. (abstract)

Stiller J, Feng S, Chowdhury AA, Rivas-González I, Duchêne DA, Fang Q, Deng Y, Kozlov A, Stamatakis A, Claramunt S, Nguyen JMT, Ho SYW, Faircloth BC, Haag J, Houde P, Cracraft J, Balaban M, Mai U, Chen G, Gao R, Zhou C, Xie Y, Huang Z, Cao Z, Yan Z, Ogilvie HA, Nakhleh L, Lindow B, Morel B, Fjeldså J, Hosner PA, da Fonseca RR, Petersen B, Tobias JA, Székely T, Kennedy JD, Reeve AH, Liker A, Stervander M, Antunes A, Tietze DT, Bertelsen M, Lei F, Rahbek C, Graves GR, Schierup MH, Warnow T, Braun EL, Gilbert MTP, Jarvis ED, Mirarab S, and Zhang G (2024), Complexity of avian evolution revealed by family-level genomes, Nature (view pdf)

Tietze TD, Päckert M, Martens J, Lehman H, and Sun YH (2013), Complete phylogeny and historical biogeography of true rosefinches (Aves: Carpodacus), Zoo. J. Linn. Soc. 169, 215-234. (free pdf) 

Töpfer T, Haring E, Birkhead TR, Lopes RJ, Severinghaus LL, Martens J, and Päckert M (2011), A molecular phylogeny of bullfinches Pyrrhula Brisson, 1760 (Aves: Fringillidae), Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 58, 271-282. (abstract)

Vázquez-López M, Ramírez-Barrera SM, Terrones-Ramírez AK, Robles-Bello SM, Nieto-Montes de Oca A, ruegg K, and Hernández-Banos BE (2024), Biogeographic factors contributing to the diversification of Euphoniinae (Aves, Passeriformes, Fringillidae): a phylogenetic and ancestral areas analysis, ZooKeys 1188, 169-195. (free pdf)

Zamora J, Lowy E, Ruiz-del-Valle V, Moscoso J, Serrano-Vela JI, Rivero-de-Aguilar J, and Arnaiz-Villena A (2006), Rhodopechys obsoleta (desert finch): a pale ancestor of greenfinches according to molecular phylogeny, J. Ornithol. 147, 448-456. (abstract)

Zuccon D, Prŷs-Jones R, Rasmussen PC, and Ericson PGP (2012), The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae), Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 62, 581-596. (abstract)