Galloanserae

This superorder contains the following orders:

Timetree of Galloanserae, with the distribution of each family being indicated by the colour-code used throughout this website (see Distribution code). The relationships are based on Prum et al. (2015), and Kuhl et al. (2021). The divergence times follow Kuhl et al. (2021). 

 


References

Field, D.J., J. Benito, A. Chen, J.W.M. Jagt, and D.T. Ksepka (2020), Late Cretaceous neornithine from Europe illuminates the origins of crown birds. Nature

 579, 397-401. DOI: 10.1038/s41586-020-2096-0. (abstract)

Hosner, P.A., B.C. Faircloth, Glenn, T.C., Braun, E.L., and R.T. Kimball (2015), Avoiding missing data biases in phylogenomic inference: an empirical study

in the landfowl (Aves: Galliformes), Mol. Biol. Evol. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msv347. (abstract)

Kuhl, H., C. Frankl-Vilches, A. Bakker, G. Mayr, G. Nikolaus, S.T. Boerno, S. Klages, B. Timmermann, and M. Gahr (2021), An unbiased molecular approach

using 3'UTRs resolves the avian family-level tree of life, Mol. Biol. Evol. 38(1), 108-127. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msaa191. (pdf)

Prum, R.O., J.S. Berv, A. Dornburg, D.J. Field, J.P. Townsend, E.M. Lemmon and A.R. Lemmon (2015), A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using

targeted next-generation DNA sequencing, Nature 526, 569-57. (abstract)

Stein, R.W., J.W. Brown, and G. Mayr (2015), A molecular genetic time scale demonstrates Cretaceous origins and multiple diversification rate shifts within

the order Galliformes (Aves), Mol. Phyl. Evol., 92, 155-164. (abstract)