This order is represented by a single family, Phoenicopteridae (flamingos).

Timetree of extant Phoenicopteridae based on Torres et al. (2014) and Frias-Soler et al. (2022), with the distribution of each taxon being indicated by the colour code used throughout this website (Distribution code). Divergence times follow Frias-Soler at al. (2022). 


Frias-Soler RC, Bauer A, Grohme MA, López GE, Costa MG, Llanes-Quevedo A, Van Slobbe F, Frohme M, and Wink M (2022), Phylogeny of the order Phoenicopteriformes and population genetics of the Carribean flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber: Aves), Zool. J. Linn. Soc. e:zlac040. (pdf)

Mayr G (2004), Morphological evidence for a sister group relationship between flamingos (Aves: Phoenicopteridae) and grebes (Podicipedidae), Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 140, 157-169. (pdf)

Torres CR, Ogawa LM, Gillingham MAF, Ferrari B, and van Tuinen M (2014), A multi-locus inference of the evolutionary diversification of extant flamingos (Phoenicopteridae), BMC Evol. Biol. 14, e:36. (pdf)