Timetree of Otidimorphae, with the distribution of each family being indicated by the colour-code used throughout this website (see Distribution code). The relationships are based on Jarvis et al. (2014) and Kuhl et al (2021), while Prum et al. (2015) considered Otididae and Cuculidae as sistergroups. The divergence time follow Kuhl et al. (2021).
Jarvis, E.D., S. Mirarab, A.A. Aberer, et al. (2014), Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds, Science 346, 1320-1331.
Kuhl, H., C. Frankl-Vilches, A. Bakker, G. Mayr, G. Nikolaus, S.T. Boerno, S. Klages, B. Timmermann, and M. Gahr (2021), An unbiased molecular approach
using 3'UTRs, resolves the avian family-level tree of life, Mol. Biol. Evol. 38(1), 108-127. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msaa191. (pdf)
Prum, R.O., J.S. Berv, A. Dornburg, D.J. Field, J.P. Townsend, E.M. Lemmon, and A.R. Lemmon (2015), A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using
targeted next-generation DNA sequencing, Nature 526, 569-573. (abstract)