Family-level timetree of extant Musophagotides, with the distribution of each family being indicated by the colour-code used throughout this website (see Distribution code). The relationships are based on Jarvis et al. (2014) and Kuhl et al (2021). Divergence time follow Kuhl et al. (2021).
Jarvis ED, Mirarab S, Aberer AA, et al. (2014), Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds,
Science 346, 1320-1331.(pdf)
Kuhl H, Frankl-Vilches C, Bakker A, Mayr G, Nikolaus G, Boerno ST, Klages S, Timmermann B, and Gahr M (2021), An unbiased molecular approach using 3'UTRs resolves the avian family-level tree of life, Mol. Biol. Evol. 38, 108-127. (pdf)
Prum RO, Berv JS, Dornburg A, Field DJ, Townsend JP, Lemmon EM, and Lemmon AR (2015), A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves)
using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing, Nature 526, 569-573. (abstract)