This superorder comprises the following orders:

Timetree of Aequornithes after Kuhl et al. (2021), with the distribution of each family being indicated by the colour-code used throughout this website (see Distribution code).  


Hackett, S.J., R.T. Kimball, S. Reddy, R.C.K. Bowie, E.L. Braun, M.J. Braun, J.L. Chojnowski, W.A. Cox, K-L. Han, J. Harshman, C.J. Huddleston, B.D.

Marks, K.J. Miglia, W.S. Moore, F.H. Sheldon, D.W. Steadman, C.C. Witt, and T. Yuri (2008), A phylogenetic study of birds reveals their evolutionary history, Science 320, 1763-1767. (abstract)

Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014), Whole-genome analysis resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds, Science 346, 1320-1331. (pdf)

Kuhl, H., C. Frankl-Vilches, A. Bakker, G. Mayr, G. Nikolaus, S.T. Boerno, S. Klages, B. Timmermann, and M. Gahr (2021), An unbiased molecular approach

 using 3'UTRs resolves the avian family-level tree of life, Mol. Biol. Evol. 38(1), 108-127. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msaa191. (pdf)

Kuramoto, T., H. Nishihara, M. Watanabe, and N. Okada (2015) Determining the position of storks on the phylogenetic tree of waterbirds by retroposon

insertion analysis, Genome Biol. Evol. 7(12), 3180-3189. (pdf)

Prum, R.O., J.S. Berv, A. Dornburg, D.J. Field, J.P. Townsend, E.M. Lemmon, and A.R. Lemmon (2015), A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using

targeted next-generation DNA sequencing, Nature 526, 569-57. (abstract)

Suh, A., L. Smeds, and H. Ellegren (2015), The dynamics of incomplete lineage sorting across the ancient adaptive radiation of Neoavian birds, PLoS Biology

13: e1002224. (pdf)