Timetree of Coraciimorphae following Kuhl et al. (2021), with the distribution of each family being indicated by the colour-code used throughout this website (see Distribution code). Note, however, that Kuhl et al. (2021) did not include the genus Bucorvus (Bucorvidae), often considered a member of Bucerotidae, in their study. 


Kuhl, H., C. Frankl-Vilches, A. Bakker, G. Mayr, G. Nikolaus, S.T. Boerno, S. Klages, B. Timmermann, and M. Gahr (2021), An unbiased molecular approach

 using 3'UTRs resolves the avian family-level tree of life, Mol. Biol. Evol. 38(1), 108-127. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msaa191. (pdf)

Prum, R.O., J.S. Berv, A. Dornburg, D.J. Field, J.P. Townsend, E.M. Lemmon, and A.R. Lemmon (2015), A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using

 targeted next-generation DNA sequencing, Nature 526, 569-57. (abstract)

Tamashiro, R.A., N.E. White, M.J. Braun, B.C. Faircloth, E.L. Braun and R.E. Kimball (2019), What are the roles of taxon sampling and model fit in tests of

cyto-nuclear discordance using avian mitogenomic data?, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 130, 132-144. (pdf)